Pengaruh Karakteristik Aspal Modifikasi Getah Pinus Terhadap Peluruhan Campuran Aspal Porus

Effect of pine resin modified asphalt on the draindown of porous asphalt mixture


  • Ratna Yuniarti Jurusan Teknik Sipil Fakultas Teknik Universitas Mataram
  • Made Mahendra Jurusan Teknik Sipil Fakultas Teknik Universitas Mataram
  • I D M Alit Karyawan Jurusan Teknik Sipil Fakultas Teknik Universitas Mataram
  • Desi Widianty Jurusan Teknik Sipil Fakultas Teknik Universitas Mataram
  • Fera Fitri Salsabila Jurusan Teknik Sipil Fakultas Teknik Universitas Mataram



modified asphalt, pine resin, porous asphalt, draindown


A porous asphalt mixture is a type of pavement that allows water to drain through, thereby reducing the amount of surface runoff and improving road safety. To drain water quickly, porous asphalt is dominated by coarse aggregate so that the voids in the mixture become larger. Draindown, which is the loss of asphalt binder from the mixture, can cause blockages and reduce the ability of the pavement to drain rainwater. The use of modified asphalt is expected to increase the bonding between the asphalt and aggregate to withstand loading but meet draindown requirements. The pine resin used as an asphalt modifier in this study was 2%, 3%, 4%, and 5%, whereas the percentage of gumrosin was 4% by weight of the modified asphalt. Modified asphalt testing includes the penetration, softening point, ductility, and weight loss. The mixing process of the aggregate with modified asphalt was carried out at 160 °C with asphalt contents of 4.5%, 5%, and 5.5% by weight of the asphalt mixture. The results showed that the penetration value, ductility, and weight loss of the modified asphalt increased, while the softening point decreased with the addition of pine resin. In general, the physical properties of the modified asphalt have a significant effect on the draindown value. Referring to the draindown specifications of the porous asphalt mixture (0.3 %), this requirement is fulfilled in all modified asphalt compositions and asphalt contents used in this study.


Alvarez, A.E., Martin, A.E., and Estakhri, C., 2011. A Review of Mix Design and Evaluation Research for Permeable Friction Course Mixtures, Construction and Building Materials, 25, 1159-1161.

Aman, M.Y., Shahadan, Z., and Noh, M. Z. M., 2014. A Comparative Study of Anti-Stripping Additives in Porous Asphalt Mixtures, Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences & Engineering) 70:7, 139-145.

Austroad Technical Report AP-T20/02, 2002. Selection and Design of Asphalt Mixes: Australian Provisional Guide, APRG Report No. 18, Australia.

Direktorat Jenderal Bina Marga, 2018. Spesifikasi Umum 2018 Untuk Pekerjaan Konstruksi Jalan dan Jembatan, Jakarta.

Gong, M.H., Yang, J., Zhang, J.Y., Zhu, H.R., and Tong, T.Z., 2016. Physical-chemical Properties of Aged Asphalt Rejuvenated by Bio-Oil Derived From Biodiesel Residue, Construction and Building Materials, 10: 35-45.

Hassan, N.A., Mahmud, M.Z.H., Ahmad, K.A., Hainin, M.R., Jaya, R.P. and Mashros, N., 2016. Air Voids Characterization and Permeability of Porous Asphalt Gradations Used in Different Countries, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11(24): 14043-14047.

Huang, S. C., Salomon, D. and Haddock, J. E., 2012. Alternative Binders for Sustainable Asphalt Pavements: Work-Shop Introduction, Transportation Research Circular E-C165, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.

Khadafi, M., Rostika, I., dan Hidayat, T., 2014. Pengolahan Gumrosin Menjadi Bahan Pendarihan Sebagai Aditif Pada Pembuatan Kertas, Jurnal Selulosa, 4(1): 17-24.

Mazzoni, G., Bocci, E. and Canestrari, F., 2018. Influence of Rejuvenators on Bitumen Ageing in Hot Recycled Asphalt Mixtures, J. Traffic Transp. Eng. 5: 157-168.

Nielsen, C.B., 2006. Durability of Porous Asphalt-International Experience, Published by Road Directorate, Danish Road Institute, Denmark.

Yang, X. and You Z., 2015. High Temperature Performance Evaluation of Bio-oil Modified Asphalt Binders Using the DSR and MSCR Tests, Construction and Building Materials, 76: 380-387.

Yang, X., Mills-Beale, J. and You, Z., 2016. Chemical Characterization and Oxidative Aging of Bio-asphalt and Its Compatibility with Petroleum Asphalt, Journal of Cleaner Production, 142 (4): 1837-1847.

Yuniarti, R., 2015. Performance of Bio-flux Oil as Modifier of Buton Granular Asphalt in Asphalt Concrete-Wearing Course, Journal of JSCE (Japan Society of Civil Engineers), 3(1): 33-44.

Yuniarti, R., 2019. Resistance to Degradation of Porous Asphalt Mixture Using Pine Resin as Asphalt Modifier, Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, 13(1): 113-123.

Yuniarti, R., Ahyudanari, E. and Prastyanto, C.A., 2022. Alternative Bituminous Binder for Sustainable Flexible Pavement: A Review, IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 971 012013.

Yuniarti, R., Hasyim, Rohani, Anwar, S.N.R, Saptaningtyas, R.S., 2018. Karakteristik Campuran Asphalt Concrete Wearing Course Menggunakan Aspal Modifikasi Getah Pinus dan Serbuk Limbah Kaca. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Saintek. LPPM Universitas Mataram: 474-485.

Yuniarti, R., Hasyim, Rohani dan Widianty, D., 2020. Pengaruh Daktilitas Aspal Modifikasi Getah Pinus dan Limbah Styrofoam Terhadap Karakteristik Campuran Aspal Beton, rosiding Seminar Nasional Saintek, LPPM Universitas Mataram: 474-485.